RV HVAC | How Absorption Refrigeration Works

How Absorption Refrigeration Works

Most refrigerators perform their cooling with the use of a mechanical compressor, much like an air-conditioning unit. However, there was another method of refrigeration that saw much use before compressors became more popular. This was known as absorption refrigeration.

Today, absorption refrigeration is mostly used in the refrigerators installed in RVs. They function very well in this setting, because they have no moving parts that can be damaged by driving on bumpy roads, and they are completely sealed units.

The Basics of Absorption

Absorption refrigeration units use heat to make cold through a process that is somewhat difficult to understand. However, understanding how the unit works can give owners a greater appreciation for and more knowledge about maintaining the device.

Absorption refrigeration units are have four main parts – the boiler, condenser, evaporators, and absorber. Inside the boiler, water and liquid ammonia are boiled by heat from an electrical coil or gas flame; the water separates from the ammonia and returns to the boiler while the ammonia travels up through the pipes to the condenser, where it becomes liquid again. After condensing into a liquid, hydrogen vapor is added to the ammonia in the low temperature evaporator, which is located in the freezer section of the refrigerator.

At this point, heat from the freezer is absorbed by the liquid ammonia and hydrogen gas mixture in the pipes, then passed on to the exterior of the fridge. From the low temperature evaporator in the freezer, the ammonia and hydrogen travel through more pipes to the high-temperature evaporator, which cools the fridge section of the refrigerator, but not as much as the freezer.

Once the ammonia has passed through both evaporators, it enters the absorber. In the absorber coils, it is separated from the gaseous hydrogen – which rises back into the evaporators – and mixed with water before returning to the boiler.

Leveling Absorption Refrigerators

While absorption refrigerators are generally very low maintenance, due to their lack of moving parts and sealed unit, owners do need to be aware of some things.

An absorption refrigeration system depends upon gravity for much of its function, and if the refrigerator is not level, the pace at which ammonia travels through the evaporators slows. This causes the boiler to overheat. Continuing to operate the unit while it is overheating causes sodium chromate particles to crystallize and the crystals will block sections of pipes.

Once an absorption refrigeration unit has become blocked, it is useless. There is no way to repair the unit without damaging it beyond repair. Therefore, a blocked unit must be replaced. Luckily, this can easily be avoided by ensuring your RV is properly level when parked.

Maintaining Absorption Refrigerators

While most problems with an absorption refrigerator can be avoided simply by keeping it level, there are a few annual maintenance tasks that can be performed to ensure the unit continues to function at peak efficiency. These include:

  • Disassembling, cleaning, and reassembling the gas burner.
  • Removing carbon deposits from the flue and flue baffle.
  • Cleaning the ignitor assembly.
  • Vacuuming and cleaning all exposed elements of the cooling unit and inspecting the condenser fins for blockages or damage.
  • Ensuring proper polarity and voltage at the refrigerator receptacle.
  • Cleaning circuit board contacts.
  • Adjusting the LP regulator and checking it for leaks.

An absorption refrigerator is an important part of any RV experience, but it is thankfully easy to maintain. Any problems with such a unit can usually be addressed to any RV service facility. If you’re in the Cincinnati area and have any questions about this type of refrigeration or any heating or cooling-related issue, get in touch with experts at Hader Heating and Cooling.

The Risks Of Counterfeit R-22 Coolants (And How To Avoid The Scams)

Older heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems use R-22 coolant,. Over the next several years, the A/C industry plans to slowly phase out R-22 as newer systems take over the market, making this product more difficult and expensive to come by. This opens the doors to illegally imported replacement blends and R-22 substitutes that can be incredibly damaging and dangerous to homeowners. Uncertified HVAC companies may try to pass off counterfeit R-22 as the real deal, so you must know how to protect yourself from this scam.

Dangers Associated With Counterfeit R-22

Illegally imported coolants have flooded the market as “replacement brands” for R-22. In reality, they’re dangerous mixtures of hydrocarbons, R-40, and R134a. R-40 was the original coolant used for older HVAC systems, but companies no longer accept it as a refrigerant after the introduction of chlorofluorocarbons that are better on the ozone layer. Counterfeit R-22 coolants with R-40 can form a highly flammable, self-igniting, and explosive gas when exposed to aluminum.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has pinpointed several risks associated with using counterfeit or “mixed” coolants in air conditioning systems, including cases of refrigerant containers exploding and causing fires. Counterfeit R-22 can melt HVAC systems, leading to expensive repairs and total overhauls. If the type of mixture you have is explosive when exposed to air, your family could be at risk. Luckily, you can trust certified air conditioning technicians to eradicate the problem and guarantee your safety from false products in the future.

How To Protect Your System From Artificial Coolants

Always check the label on the coolants your HVAC technician is using before allowing the company to do any work on your system. The label should be a brand-name coolant company that doesn’t list a suspicious variation of R-22, such as R-22a.”Ask to see your technician’s certification, and choose a different company if they won’t let you. Every trustworthy business offers this information readily and will always answer questions about the coolant used.

The only way to avoid getting scammed by untrustworthy technicians or coolant con artists is to hire a high-quality heating and cooling service company. Hader Solutions is dedicated to providing outstanding heating and cooling services to the residents of the Cincinnati, OH area. For more than 130 years, we’ve been specialists in our industry who are passionate about safe, efficient, and reliable HVAC services. When you need a company you can depend on to use brand name R-22 coolant perfect for your home or commercial system, come to Hader Solutions. Contact us online or call today to schedule an appointment.